The Nobel Prize in the category awarded annually in Stockholm Physiology or medicine of the Swedish chemist and reached through his invention of dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) in 1967 to wealth. In his will, he donated inter alia that often as the Nobel Prize of Medicine (correct: Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine) designated award, which should always be awarded to those in the last year has made the most important discovery in the domain of Physiology or medicine or put it another way, has provided the greatest benefit to mankind in the last year with his discovery. Which discovery has always in fact provided the greatest benefit to mankind, is again occasion of numerous discussions. It is certainly useful, separated into their respective historic context to consider the criteria for the award of the prize. To project a discovery or invention unchanged to the present from the past is certainly not useful. This is particularly reflected in the example the 1948 awarded Nobel Prize to Paul Hermann Muller for his development of the DDT. Criticism of awarding of Nobel Prize dichlorodiphenyltrichlorethane (DDT short) is an insecticide that has been used since 1940 as a contact poison and Frassgift. In particular this ceremony is often criticized by the today’s point of view.
The use of DDT is allowed since the entry into force of the Stockholm Convention 2004 only to combat insect-borne disease, particularly the vectors of malaria of. The reason for this is the toxicity of DDT for humans and animals. The known extent of the toxicity of the substance was aware neither the inventor nor the award ceremony at the time of the award. In addition 25 million lives were rescued according to the WHO through the application of DDT as. The Nobel Prize in the neuro-chemist Thomas South court grew up in Gottingen and Hanover went this year’s award of 2013. This is graduating to a Waldorf School.
Together with the U.S. researchers James Rothman and Randy Schekman, the scientist has discovered essential transport mechanisms in cells. Why is this discovery Nobelpreiswurdig? Because a defect in this system responsible for the transport is the basis of diseases such as diabetes, tetanus and nervous disorders. Wide range of Physiology and medicine Nobel Prize will each since 1901 year on the anniversary of death of its founder, December 10, the Nobel Assembly of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden awarded. A wide latitude in the selection of the candidates is particularly in the awarding of the prize for Physiology and medicine. Nobel stipulated in his will in 1895 that medicine and Physiology will be awarded together in the price. At that time, the physiology encompassed large areas that today are associated with the biology, biochemistry or Biophysics. Thus, Konrad Lorenz, for example, in 1973 received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine for his behavior research in zoology. In the article “The Nobel Prize in the category awarded annually in Stockholm Physiology or medicine” was about the speben read topic lectures. That article provided all numbers, data and facts that have been included in this release.